Castanea dentata

chestnut snag
This snag, or dead tree, has been standing since it was killed by the chestnut blight that moved through Pennsylvania by the early 1920’s.
Wildlife, such as turkey, bear, deer and squirrels depended on this tree for food. It was a very fast growing tree. The largest American chestnut tree ever recorded before felling was 54 feet in circumference (approximately 17 feet in diameter).

“You teach me, I forget. You show me, I remember. You involve me, I understand” ~E.O. “Ed” Wilson, 1929-2021


wind turbines
view from PA 36, north of Patton, looking east.

Large three-bladed horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) with the blades upwind of the tower produce the overwhelming majority of wind power in the world today. These turbines have the main rotor shaft and electrical generator at the top of a tower, and must be pointed into the wind.
In 2009, for every bird killed by a wind turbine in the US, nearly 500,000 were killed by cats and another 500,000 by buildings.–Wikipedia

walk in the woods notophthalmus viridescens

two dogs in the back seat of a Prius
Tilly is all about walking it down slow, saving energy, not breaking a sweat, securing the chow. Eva is Thunderpaws, ten strides to every step Matilda takes. Eva runs the high road, the low road and encircles the enemy, simultaneously. The dogs have opposite approaches but remain best friends.
red eft crosses the road
While Tilly was focused on food and Eva ran overwatch a red eft crossed our path unmolested.